Skin especially likes members of the carotenoid family, which are packed with antioxidants that fight free radicals that attack skin cells. The deepest layers—the dermis and hypodermis—contain connective tissue (such as elastin and collagen) and provide nutritive support to the outer layer of the skin, the epidermis. In a prospective study of more than 47,000 adults followed for over eight years, those with the highest lycopene intake had a risk of prostate cancer that was 21 percent lower than those with the lowest intake. The benefits of carotenoids include lowering inflammation, promoting healthy growth and development, maintaining eye and vision health, boosting immunity, and protecting the skin from damage. While researchers believe that most carotenoids have strong antioxidant capabilities — which is why we associate superfoods high in these nutrients with fighting inflammation, cancer and heart disease — not all seem to work in the same way at slowing the aging process. A portion of carotenoids are incorporated into lipoprotein, which makes it way to the bloodstream, while others are sent to the liver. Carotenoids are able to induce cell death in melanoma cells. Why do we need carotenoids? Chlorophyll and carotenoids are similar in that they both form the pigments found in various fruits, algae and vegetables. All rights reserved. One of the ways that carotenoids help with growth is because they allow cells to communicate with one another by playing a role in the synthesis of connexin proteins. are clickable links to these studies. Diets high in carotenoids are beneficial for preventing UV light damage, which can lead to melanoma, aged-looking skin, wrinkles, drying, scaling and follicular thickening of the skin. Although you don’t want to overcook fruits and veggies with carotenoids, chopping, puréeing and cooking foods that contain carotenoids seem to help increase how much the human body can absorb and actually use. Number 8860726. Several controlled trials have found that giving patients high doses of carotenoids that convert to vitamin A (including β-carotene) might actually do the reverse of what we’re hoping for — it can potentially increase the risk of certain health problems like lung cancer, for example. In regard to nutrient breakdown and absorption, the human digestive system is an amazing thing. While we know that carotenoids have antioxidant properties that help decrease free radical damage, researchers are still trying to figure out how else they promote better health. Most ingredients for skin support are topical and aimed at increasing hydration, softening, barrier function or supplying antioxidants to serve as a first line of defense against the sun and pollution. Once we eat a food that contains carotenoids and the food makes its way to our intestines, the carotenoids comes into contact with our bile salts and several types of lipids (fats) that help break them down. This whole process of communication between cells allows them to effectively differentiate and take on various roles in the body without overproducing — which is why a loss of cell communication is tied to cancer development and tumor growth. Health Benefits of Carotenoids . Skin and hair benefits of carrots Vitamin A, vitamin C, carotenoids, potassium and antioxidants - carrots are a powerhouse of nutrients! This is why we absorb carotenoids best when we eat them as part of a meal that also has some healthy fats. 3. As powerful antioxidants, carotenoids are thought to provide benefits for skin health. https://www.naturalproductsinsider.com/sites/all/themes/penton_subtheme_naturalproductsinsider/images/logos/footer.png. When eaten, carotenoids can enter the skin as they are fat soluble – high doses of carotenoids can even turn the skin slightly orange. Protects the Skin from Damage. The color of human skin is dominated by two major biological pigments: hemoglobin, which provides red coloration via the vascular network of microcapillaries in the skin, and melanin, which provides varying degrees of brown coloration at the skin surface. “Influences of Orally Taken Carotenoid-Rich Curly Kale Extract on Collagen I/Elastin Index of the Skin.”, Juturu V, Bowman J, Deshpande J. Studies have shown that people who consume high amounts of lutein and zeaxanthin tend to experience less age-related eye problems, including macular degeneration and cataracts. The best food sources of carotenoids are fruits and veggies that are bright yellow, orange and red — one reason we’re told to “eat the rainbow.”. The best food sources of carotenoids are fruits and veggies that are bright yellow, orange and red — one reason we’re told to “eat the rainbow.”. & detox juicing guide. Cancer Prevention This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and fact checked by our trained editorial staff. What’s interesting is that the use of synthetic carotenoid supplements, as opposed to eating foods that naturally supply them, doesn’t always result in the same health benefits. And the benefits don’t end there. Pros, Cons + How to Use, Top 7 Foods that Boost Testosterone (Plus Testosterone-Killing Foods), What Is Allspice? Another interesting, and somewhat unique, treat of carotenoids is that their availability improves when they’re cooked. (8), Carotenoids, along with active vitamin A, help prevent premature skin damage and skin cancer. Are you getting enough probiotic-rich foods in your diet? Research has shown that antioxidants, including beta carotene, can help maintain skin health and appearance, and may protect the skin against UV radiation from the sun. Sun Sensitivity. Other studies have found that higher carotenoid intake is associated with significant reductions in the risk of other types of cardiovascular diseases. Related: Eye Vitamins and Foods: Are You Getting Enough? In fact, higher carotenoid intake is associated with improvements in several biomarkers of strong immune function. Carotenoids have anti-inflammatory, antitumor, chemoprotective properties that help us ward off common infections, illnesses and serious diseases like cancer too. Carotenoids are not only critical for the process of photosynthesis, but also for helping mitigate free-radical damage. Skin Care Benefits. By lowering the amount of blue light that’s able to enter the eye, carotenoids help preserve healthy cells and slow down oxidative damage that leads to vision loss. There are more than 600 different carotenoids in existence, but several of the most well-known include: α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, lutein and zeaxanthin. This type can be used directly by the body since it doesn’t need to first be converted. Antioxidants are essential for the skin, especially since overexposure to UV light can cause a reduction in the antioxidant supply, thereby increasing oxidative stress. While the most common skin-friendly antioxidants are vitamins A, C and E, the 600-plus members of the carotenoid family are also skin supporters, and include beta-carotene (found primarily in orange veggies), lycopene (a key component of tomatoes), lutein (found in leafy greens), zeaxanthin (found in yellow veggies such as capsicum and saffron) as well as a variety of enzymes and flavonoids, including … Some of the major benefits of a well-rounded diet that includes carotenoids of all kinds include: Once consumed, carotenoids have antioxidant activities that help block the formation of oxidative stress, the primary cause of aging and degeneration. Beta-carotene, A-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin and lycopene are the most common types of carotenoids. In addition carotenoids can repair and regenerate these protein fibers after damage by UV light. UV damage can cause premature aging, wrinkles, dry skin, as well as melanoma. They also reduce water loss so help hydrate. It is caused by taking high doses of a carotenoid called canthaxanthin. What are carotenoids? We present three studies investigating the contribution of carotenoid and melanin to skin color and the healthy appearance of human faces. Many environmental factors damage skin cells and tissues which lead to premature aging. Registered in England and Wales. “Overall skin tone and skin-lightening-improving effects with oral supplementation of lutein and zeaxanthin isomers: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.”, Allowed HTML tags:

. Another way it protects against skin cancer is by modulating apoptosis (cell death). Active vitamin A (called retinol) comes from animal-derived foods like liver, milk, yogurt, oily fish and eggs. The independent effects of dietary fruit and vegetables, fitness, and low body fat on skin color mean that multiple aspects of a healthy lifestyle each act in an additive manner to improve skin appearance. Lutein & Zeaxanthin. Protects the Skin. Carotenoids are proven immune system boosters. 1. Their availability improves when they’re cooked, which is atypical of most foods. Carotenoids (yellow) signal health in bird and fish species, and are associated with improved immune defense, photoprotection and reproductive health in humans. Most commonly, carotenoids are known for benefitting eye-health and other age-related conditions, but their importance to skin care is becoming more apparent. It also functions as an “aesthetic” interface—a collection of physical attributes that form the basis of first impressions by which people measure their ideas of beauty. Many epidemiological studies have found that people who consume high amounts of tomato products (including fresh, whole tomatoes and tomato sauce) experience a reduced risk for developing diseases like prostate cancer. In part, the beneficial effects of carotenoids are thought to be due to their role as antioxidants. After 12-weeks, Lutemax 2020 resulted in an improvement in overall skin tone, whiteness/brightness, photo-protection and skin firmness.5. The information in our articles is NOT intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. This means they’re converted in the body once we eat foods that contain them in order to synthesize vitamin A, which is also sometimes called retinol. Vitamin A, being a powerful antioxidant, is involved in the growth and repair of body tissues and hence, protects the skin against damage. They act as antioxidants and have significant cancer-fighting properties. Carotenoids act as antioxidants for the skin, protecting it from UV light exposure, and improving tone, brightness, photo-protection and firmness. Although beta-carotene has been studied for its effects on skin health, it is not generally recommended for long-term supplementation because of carotenosis – a harmless orange discoloration of the skin that is reversible when discontinuing intake. Fortunately, it is reversible and your eyes and vision will go back to normal once you stop taking the can… While the benefits of lifestyle to body shape are common knowledge, our work is the first to reveal additional benefits to skin appearance. Carotenoids act as antioxidants for the skin, protecting it from UV light exposure, and improving tone, brightness, photo-protection and firmness. They’re also made from certain species of algae and even some bacteria. are clickable links to medically peer-reviewed studies. Both are found in foods like squash, spinach, sweet potatoes and carrots. Benefits, Uses, Substitutes & More, Citrus fruits (grapefruit, oranges and tangerines). (7). beta-Carotene may have added benefits due its ability to be converted to vitamin A. The type of provitamin A, which is obtained from colorful fruits and vegetables with carotenoids, cannot be directly utilized by the body without undergoing several metabolic steps. Our team includes licensed nutritionists and dietitians, certified health education specialists, as well as certified strength and conditioning specialists, personal trainers and corrective exercise specialists. When it comes to the strength of various carotenoids, research shows that lycopene is one of the strongest. The best sources of these carotenoids are dark leafy green vegetables and cruciferous vegetables (spinach, kale, turnip greens, Brussels sprouts, etc.). The most well-known being exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun which contributes to photo-aging characterized by changes in pigmentation (i.e., dark-spots and freckles) and degradation of collagen, leading to fine lines and wrinkles. Many antioxidants and phytonutrients are not very shelf-stable and become at least partially destroyed when exposed to high heats, but carotenoids in general are one exception to this rule. Concentrated lutein and zeaxanthin supplements are now available, but research hasn’t shown that these definitely help stall development of these age-related eye diseases as much as a high-antioxidant diet does. Within plants, carotenoids provide antioxidant protection against ultra violet light. Given all that your skin has done for us, Our body’s largest organ, skin reaps a wealth of benefits from the right nutrients, and in turn, rewards us by looking absolutely fantastic. (2) β-cryptoxanthin is another similar provitamin A carotenoid that has many of the same anticancer benefits. You don’t need a large amount of fat to help utilize these nutrients best. It prevents the formation of UV-induced skin irritation and redness in your skin. Vitamins like E and C are known to support skin health, but other nutrients including carotenoids—and specifically lutein and zeaxanthin isomers (RR- and RS [meso]-zeaxanthin)—may be just as important in building a whole-body, first-line defense against environmental assaults. Carotenoids (kuh-RAH-teh-noids) are pigments that give fruits and vegetables their vibrant red, orange, yellow and green colors. 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